Greek Dictionaries: New Testament and LaterAugust 23, 2010
Jenkins discusses several dictionaries of later Greek, some of which we have in Reference and some in the stacks. I am considering a consultation with my colleague who works with the Religion department to make sure the most useful works are in our limited Reference space.
Jenkins highlights (no. 501) Bauer’s (rev. Aland) Greek-English Lexicon of the New Testament and Other Early Christian Literature (2000), Main Reference PA881 .B38 2000, as the “standard lexicon for New Testament Greek,” and a “useful tool for all who deal with Hellenistic and later Greek.” It covers early Christian writers but also the Septuagint, Philo and Josephus, papyri, and some Byzantine authors. At UGA, we also have older editions in the library stacks (i.e. Main 3rd Floor PA881 .B3 1957) that can be checked out.
Jenkins recommends Lust’s Greek-English Lexicon of the Septuagint (no. 514), Main 3rd Floor PA781 .L8 1992, as the “best choice” for the “many peculiarities” of this text, and a modern lexicon.
We do not own a copy of G. Lampe’s Patristic Greek Lexicon (Oxford 1961), though I suspect maybe we should, and perhaps we once did and our copy was lost. (Worldcat reveals that many libraries in the state system do have it, so GIL Express can come to the rescue of any of our faculty or students in need.) Jenkins (no. 509) describes it as a supplement to LSJ 9th ed. (discussed here), covering “Clement of Rome (1st century A. D.) to Theodore of Studium (d. 826 A. D.)” and highlighting “theological and ecclestiastical vocabulary.”
Not discussed by Jenkins, but in Main Reference are:
- Ceslas Spicq’s Theological Lexicon of the New Testament in three volumes, Main Reference PA875 .S613 1994.
- Gerhard Kittel’s Theological Dictionary of the New Testament in 10 volumes, Main Reference PA881 .K513 (also available in an abridged, one-volume edition, which can be checked out, Main 3rd Floor PA881 .T4713 1985).
- Sakae Kubo’s A Reader’s Greek-English Lexicon of the New Testament, Main Reference PA881 .K8 1975.
- Thayer/Grimm/Wilke’s Greek-English Lexicon of the New Testament, Main Reference PA881 .G864 1889.
For post-classical Greek, there are:
Sophocles, Greek Lexicon of the Roman and Byzantine Periods (from B.C. 146 to A.D. 1100) Main Reference PA1123 .S712. Jenkins (no. 517) describes this “as the only Greek-English lexicon for the Byzantine period,” although it is essentially unaltered since its initial publication in 1870. For the Roman period, Liddell and Scott (discussed here) is usually as good.
Jenkins does not discuss Du Cange, Glossarium et Scriptores Media et Infimae Graecitatis Main Reference PA1125 .D8 1943, which we keep in Reference. Its origins are in the 17th century, and as the title indicates, is a Greek-Latin rather than Greek-English dictionary for the later periods. It is available in digital format for free download through the Anemi Digital Library of Modern Greek Studies at the University of Crete.